An Echocardiogram, also called an echo test, is a non invasive test that uses ultrasound to produce a two dimensional image of the heart. Echocardiograms are commonly ordered to evaluate heart murmurs, palpitations, chest pain and valvular abnormalities. This procedure allows the physician to view the beating heart to measure heart chamber size and wall thickness, assess the strength of the heart and examine its structure. Color flow and Doppler techniques use ultrasound frequencies to measure the degree of valvular obstruction (stenosis) or leakage (regurgitation or insufficiency).
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